Following are the 12 Surya Namaskar Names, which are explained in Sanscrit and English language.
मित्र Mitra 1 ॐ मित्राय नमः। Om Mitraya Namah। The friend of all
रवि Ravi 2 ॐ रवये नमः। Om Ravaye Namah। The one who roars
सूर्य Surya 3 ॐ सूर्याय नमः। Om Suryaya Namah। The brilliant one
भानु Bhanu 4 ॐ भानवे नमः। Om Bhanave Namah। The bright one
खग Khaga 5 ॐ खगाय नमः। Om Khagaya Namah।The one who moves in the sky
पूषन् Pushan 6 ॐ पूष्णे नमः। Om Pushne Namah। The one who nourishes all
हिरण्यगर्भ Hiranyagarba ॐ हिरण्यगर्भाय नमः। Om Hiranyagarbhaya Namah। The golden source (of the universe) (surya namaskar Names)
मरीच Maricha 8 ॐ मरीचये नमः। Om Marichaye Namah। The lord of the dawn
आदित्य Aditya 9 ॐ आदित्याय नमः। Om Adityaya Namah।The son of Aditi
सवित्र Savitra 10 ॐ सवित्रे नमः। Om Savitre Namah। The arouser
अर्क Arka 11 ॐ अर्काय नमः। Om Arkaya Namah। The one who is fit to be praised
भास्कर Bhaskara 12 ॐ भास्कराय नमः। Om Bhaskaraya Namah। The enlightening one
॥ इति श्री सूर्य द्वादशनामावलिः सम्पूर्णा ॥ (Surya Namaskar Names)
This is about cultivating a mindset of conscious understanding. With the breath, the body and consciousness are positioned on the planet in two degrees: first in the Self, where we accept and experience our true existence, and then in the I am, where we identify with the Universal, its relationship and contact.
It takes time and practice for one to achieve these two levels of consciousness. Each person experiences it differently: some become aware of it immediately, some on a gradual basis, while others practice exercises to help them.
That is why Surya Namaskar is essential, since it helps us achieve that level of frequency where our mind calms down and love is the essence of our thoughts.
As a mental and physical practice, Surya Namaskar offers us many benefits. As a yoga practice that combines postures, breathing, and meditation in each posture, we activate our own solar revitalization, which is why yoga has so many benefits.